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It is bestowed freely upon all men, enabling all who will to turn and be saved. Through Baptism we are freed from sin and reborn as sons of God; we become members of Christ, are incorporated into the Church and made sharers in her mission: "Baptism is the sacrament of regeneration through water in the word. Sins committed after baptism have to be expiated — by confession, penance, indulgences and purgatory, thus throwing the ball right back into the arena of human endeavour.

Given that most are baptised as infants this means a life long [and beyond death] process of human activity necessary to remove the guilt of sins. As we saw in Study Two the Bible presents God as gracious and merciful. The grace and mercy of God only have meaning in the absence of human merit and qualification. We must never lose sight of this. The Bible teaches that God, in an unexpected act of sovereign grace and mercy, reached down into our inability and powerlessness and did for us that which we could never have done for ourselves and that which we could never deserve by our own efforts and merit.

We have seen in every aspect of salvation that it is the work of God. Regeneration is the work of the Spirit of God by which he brings to spiritual life that which was spiritually dead. Eternal life is the gift of God; it is also inseparable from Jesus Christ, and not something which can be obtained apart from Christ. Apart from Christ there is simply no spiritual life. Repentance is the gift of God by which he gives the gift of turning to himself to those who left to themselves would never turn to him.

Faith is the gift of God in which he opens the eyes of our understanding and enables us to see him, whom we otherwise would not see because of our blindness, and to believe in him whom we would otherwise never know or trust. By this gift we are also enabled to be committed to Christ, when, if left to ourselves, we would continue to live for ourselves.

Substitutionary atonement is the work of Christ undertaken on our behalf, without our request or expectation or merit, because of the eternal plan of God to save us. Forgiveness is the action of God in which he of his own will, and by means of his eternal plan of salvation, removes the barrier that we by our sin had erected between him and us, and enables us once again to live in his presence. Unless he removed it, it would still exist, and we would remain helplessly on the other side, still cut off from God by our sin.

Reconciliation is the action of God — a move from his side to remove the enmity and alienation generated by our sin and by his wrath against our sin. Redemption is the action of God in which he liberates us from a bondage from which we had no hope of liberating ourselves, indeed, a bondage which we did not even recognize as bondage until he came and set us free from it. Sanctification is the action of God in which he names us as his own treasured possession whom he has set apart from common use and common identity to be his special people devoted by him to his holy use. Peace is the declaration of God that he, by his eternal purpose in Christ, has removed forever the necessity for fear and guilt in his presence;.


Joy is the result of all that God has done, and only exists if all that has been done was in fact done by God alone, without any contribution of ours. Any perceived contribution of ours disperses or radically diminishes the joy. Assurance of salvation , likewise, is the result of what God has done, and only exists if it is he himself who has done it all. Any contribution of ours destroys assurance.

All is of God. Nothing is of ourselves. All is given to us or done for us by God.

10. The Sovereignty of God in Salvation - (Romans 9:1-24)

By the very nature of the various aspects of salvation the sovereign action of God is essential. But there are other scriptures which speak specifically of the divine initiative in salvation. These are the verses which we automatically want to interpret some way other than their straight meaning, because we do not want to acknowledge that we are destitute beggars totally dependent on the beneficence and mercy of God, and totally unwilling and unable in ourselves to make a move towards him.

How do they describe human inability? What do they teach us about the sovereignty of God in saving us? There is no way around this saving action of God. Nor is there any valid way around the fact that his will and his pleasure and his choice are at the back of this saving action. Not our will, our pleasure or our choice. This divine will and choice is what is understood to have initiated or implemented the salvation of these people. Examples of use: Matthew ; ,24,31; Luke ; Romans ; Colossians ; 1Peter ; ,9; Revelation Only use: Acts ; Romans ; ,28; 1Thessalonians ; 2Peter Only relevant use: 2Thessalonians [compare Deuteronomy ].

Only relevant use of this word is in: Acts ; Romans ,30; Ephesians , The only relevant use of this word is in Romans ; The only relevant use of this word is in Acts ; 1Peter To will, to purpose. Only relevant or semi-relevant use: Acts ; ; ; ; Ephesians ; Hebrews Only relevant verses: Romans ; ; Ephesians ; ; 2Timothy Relevant verses: Matthew ; Luke ; ; Ephesians , 9. Relevant verses: Luke ; Galatians Task 5: Discuss the clear meaning of the above words understood in the context of the verses listed. But we must not think that this concept of divine sovereignty is a peculiar Pauline idea.

One is that election is an act of divine love. The popular caricature of predestination sees it as a process wherein God sentences some men to damnation before they are born, without ever giving them a chance. This is not the teaching of the Bible. There election is a means of saving men, not of sentencing them.

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  8. The connection of predestination with love should never be overlooked. If we were dependent on our own effort for salvation we would never know whether we had done enough. If we were saved by Christ, but were dependent on retaining our hold on Him we could never be sure that we would not weaken. Those who have been predestined will not fall by the way. It should not be overlooked that we tend to regard predestination as a part of a philosophical theory.

    We ought never to think of it other than in relation to salvation. That is where Paul sees it. It assures me that my salvation is no improvised affair, brought into being by a more or less fortuitous decision of my own. I am saved because none less than God willed it and predestined me before all the ages. Nothing at all can give the believer assurance like this great truth. Election is for the purpose of doing the good works that God has prepared for His people to do. Listed below are some of the more common errors that have to be avoided if we are to remain biblical.

    Determinism and fatalism stress divine sovereignty in such a way as to render all human effort meaningless.

    Salvation: A Sovereign Work of God

    Determinism believes that we have no choice, but go through life like puppets on a string doing whatever the Divine Puppet Master chooses and determines. A softer kind of determinism teaches that our choices are determined by our background, genes, and circumstances — that we will not and cannot make choices outside of those boundaries.

    Fatalism believes that God has predetermined all events by an arbitrary decree that cannot be changed. There is nothing we can do about it except accept it. Note in these a kind of divine arbitrariness which is far removed from the love, compassion, grace, pleasure and joy which the Bible ascribes to God along with his sovereign will and purpose. Task 6: Discussion Discuss the difference between determinism and fatalism on the one hand and the hands-on compassionate sovereignty of the Biblical God on the other hand. Hyper-Calvinism also emphasizes divine sovereignty to the extent that human responsibility is effectively denied.

    Can vary widely, but usually contains one or more of the following elements: a. Denies God's permissive will, b. Denies God's common grace, c. Denies or minimizes the need for evangelism, d. Also, because of their sin, sin entered the human world affecting absolutely all of their descendants.

    Sovereignty of God - Andrew Wommack Ministries

    The Bible is clear that all people are born unrighteous with a sinful Adamic nature Romans , Fallen man is in bondage to sin, under the influence and deception of Satan, and spiritually dead and separated from God. This is completely unbiblical. Can a dead person make himself alive?

    If a dead man could make himself alive, then, it would be possible for a spiritually dead unrighteous man to make himself spiritually righteous by coming to Christ of his own volition. Just as it took a supernatural miracle for Jesus to raise Lazarus from the dead, before Lazarus could move or do anything, so it takes a supernatural miracle to give spiritual righteous life in Christ to a spiritually dead unrighteous person. Yes indeed, Father God must first draw a person to His only begotten Son Jesus Christ before that person understands and believes who the true Christ of the Bible is, and His finished work on the cross for the universal salvation of the whole world.

    Without Father God through His Son first choosing us and empowering us through His gift of faith to believe in the true Christ of the Bible, we cannot be saved. Exodus But Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also; neither would he let the people go. Apostle Paul, before his conversion to Christianity, was a self-righteous Pharisee who zealously persecuted the newly formed Christian church.

    He was dedicated in his purpose to destroy all those who accepted Jesus Christ, and Paul was even involved in the murder of Stephen. He went from house to house dragging both male and female Christian believers off to prison and tried to get them to deny their faith in Christ. Both Pharaoh and Paul had free will in their everyday living and therefore they were responsible for their actions. However, there is a dramatic difference in how God dealt with Pharaoh and how He dealt with Paul. God allowed Pharaoh to remain hardened in his heart.

    However, God had mercy on Apostle Paul and he was powerfully and supernaturally converted to the Christian faith through his road to Damascus experience. Salvation is not a matter of choice or chance; first chance or second chance. Our salvation is the most glorious gift from God to us.